The tenement house in 16 Kościuszki Square was built for professor Adam Jurkowski, a pharmacist from Poznań. According to the plan, the ground floor was supposed to accommodate business premises. Each of the upper floors were devoted to single apartments, which could be divided into smaller ones.
Kościuszki Square is one of Gdynia’s key, most elegant locations on the route straight to the sea. It is a perfect place for a luxurious tenement house and Adam Jurkowski’s tenement house definitely is one. The beautiful, ribbon windows which do not need walls between them and the large surface of the glazed in ground floor make it stand out among the buildings around it. This layout was possible thanks to the use of reinforced concrete pillars which were slightly recessed from the façade. The pillars were covered with dark terrazzo. Each floor had a loggia too. They were a compositional complement of the lines of windows and a reference to the ground floor arrangement with the building entrance next to the shop windows on the ground floor and the gateway leading to the garages in the yard, on the other side of the building.
This building’s facade’s other distinctive element is the cream-coloured tile cladding which contrasts with the windows and their dark-brown frames. The staircase's entrance is located in an arcade which accommodates the gateway to the garages too. There is a lift entrance in this roomy space as well.
The staircase’s floor is covered with grey terrazzo, just as the stairs with a colour accent – black risers. The balustrade is solid and bright while the handrail is made of wood of a natural colour. The building still has the original, solid wooden door of a natural colour with decorative elements – a round, brass knob (probably produced by Fabryka Okuć Budowlanych i Odlewnia Metali Braci Lubert S.A. Warszawa), a door plate holder and a peep-hole (the so-called Cyclops).
The apartments’ interiors from enfilades. An interesting solution was used to provide more light for the entrance hall – the wall in front of it was glazed in. The rooms which are along the ribbon windows are the most sunny ones and serve as living rooms. Kitchens and bathrooms which did not require so much light were placed on the other side of the apartments. In the kitchen, there was a pantry and the door to a small balcony. The room was faced with small, light cream-coloured tiles. The interiors were planned with maximum comfort and functionality in mind.
The plant pots along the entire ribbon window are an interesting element of the façade which you do not notice at the first sight. They were designed as an integral part of the building together with the specially prepared drainage system in the form of small, protruding pipes, which shows the architect’s exceptional diligence.
The tenement house is not only distinguished by its original form but also by the architectural solutions. The modern architecture ideas framed by the key modernist architect Le Corbusier were fully implemented here – post and beam construction, open plan, horizontal windows, free elevation and flat roof.